National policy climate change
05/12/2011 10:10 - Portal Brasil
In December 2009, at the Copenhagen Climate Summit, Brazil pledged to voluntarily reduce projected greenhouse gas emissions between 36.1% and 38.9% by 2020. The voluntary commitment was included in the National Policy on Climate Change, new legislation adopted in 2009 to ensure that economic and social developments are compatible with protecting the climate system. Federal, state and municipal governments are empowered to implement low carbon programs in line with the legislation.
To meet voluntary carbon reduction goals, the National Policy on Climate Change requires the development of specific sectoral plans to curb emission from Brazil’s forestry, steel, agricultural, energy, industry, transport and mining sectors. An adaptation strategy focusing on the health system is also to bedevised.
Additional national climate policy highlights include initiatives to conserve and support the recovery of national biomes, consolidate and expand legally protected areas (particularly in the Amazon), enhance energy efficiency and create incentives for the adoption of low-carbon fuel and green technologies.
These policies are primarily implemented through the National Plan on Climate Change, supported by the National Fund on Climate Change, the Amazon Fund and other national budgetary sources.