The Department of Protected Areas (DAP) of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) develops programs and strategies for the creation, public use and financial sustainment of conservation units (UC), in addition to supporting projects in this area.
According to Law 9.985/2000, which establishes the National Nature Preservation Units System (SNUC), a Preservation Unit is a territorial space and its environmental resources with important natural characteristics for conservational purposes with defined boundaries, managed principally by the application of the proper preservation assurances.
The preservation units are divided into:
Fully protected units
Ecosystems to be preserved without human interference. To ensure preservation, natural heritage may be used only indirectly, without consumption or destruction of natural resources.
Sustainable use units
Preservation of nature is conciliated with sustainable use of part of the natural resources. Examples are: extractivist and sustainable development reserves, and environmental preservation areas.
The Department of Protected Areas maintains the Ecological Corridors Project and Amazon Preserved Areas Program. Click here to learn more about these projets.
For more information on preservation units in Brazil (content in Portuguese):
1. Protected Areas (MMA website).
2. List of Federal Preservation Units (PDF).
3. Map of Preservation Units supported by the Arpa Program (MMA website).