Brazil has 8.5 million square kilometers of territory and is subject to different conditions of altitude, pressure, air circulation and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Therefore, the country has three types of climate:
1.equatorial: covers primarily the region of the Amazon rainforest, in equatorial areas it rains almost every day and the average temperature ranges from 25 ° C to 27 ° C;
2.temperate: is found in the Southern and colder part of the country, the rains are distributed on a regular basis during the year and there may be snowfall;
3.tropical (divided into central Brazil, Northeast and the Eastern Equatorial Zone): Found in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest, is characterized by average temperature above 20 ° C and high rainfall.
The map shows the area in which takes place every type of climate in Brazil.
IBGE (content in portuguese)